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Splitgill

Fungi: Basidiomycota: Agaricomycetes: Agaricales: Schizophyllaceae: Schizophyllum commune Fr.

Schizophyllum commune – splitgill

Synonyms: Agaricus alneus, Agaricus multifidus, Apus alneus, Daedalea commune, Merulius alneus, Merulius communis, Scaphophorum agaricoides, Schizophyllum alneum, Schizophyllum alneus, Schizophyllum multifidum, Schizophyllus communis.

Common names: splitgill, Common Split Gill.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Schizophyllum commune is a species of fungus in the genus Schizophyllum. The mushroom resembles undulating waves of tightly packed corals or loose Chinese fan. ”Gillies” or Split Gills vary from creamy yellow to pale white in colour. The cap is small, 1–4.5 cm wide with a dense yet spongey body texture. It is known as the split-gill mushroom because of the unique longitudinally divided nature of the gill producing basidospores, which often splits when they dry out and moistened into gills as they shed into spores. It is the only known fungi capable of retracting by movement. This mushroom is found predominantly in Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Madagascar, Nigeria and Northeastern India. It is found in the wild on decaying trees after rainy seasons followed by dry spells where the mushrooms are naturally collected. It is known for its high medicinal value and aromatic taste profile. It has recently attracted the medicinal industry for its immunomodulatory, antifungal, antineoplastic and antiviral activities that are higher than those of any other glucan complex carbohydrate.

Arabic: زامح شائع, Czech: Klanolístka obecná, Dutch: Waaiertje (paddenstoel), Estonian: Lõhislehik, Finnish: Halkiheltta, German: Gemeiner Spaltblättling, Hungarian: Hasadtlemezű gomba, Japanese: スエヒロタケ, Lithuanian: Paprastoji alksniabudė, Malay: Cendawan Kukur, Persian: شیزوفیلوم برزن, Polish: Rozszczepka pospolita, Romanian: Bureți de mătreață, Russian: Щелелистник обыкновенный, Swedish: Klyvblad, Thai: เห็ดแครง, Ukrainian: Розщепка звичайна.

Photos of this mushroom from East and Central Texas

Young splitgill (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) mushrooms on a log on Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-11-12.htm">November 12, 2017</A>
LinkYoung splitgill (Schizophyllum commune) mushrooms on a log on Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, November 12, 2017
Location on maps724-752 Francis Dr, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Splitgill (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) mushrooms taken from Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-11-12.htm">November 12, 2017</A>
LinkSplitgill (Schizophyllum commune) mushrooms taken from Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, November 12, 2017
Splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) on Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-11-17.htm">November 17, 2017</A>
LinkSplitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) on Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, November 17, 2017
Location on maps724-752 Francis Dr, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Caps of splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) on Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-11-17.htm">November 17, 2017</A>
LinkCaps of splitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) on Kiwanis Nature Trail. College Station, Texas, November 17, 2017
Location on maps724-752 Francis Dr, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Young splitgill (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) mushroom in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-12-26.htm">December 26, 2017</A>
LinkYoung splitgill (Schizophyllum commune) mushroom in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, December 26, 2017
Location on mapsBee Creek, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) on a fallen branch in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-12-26.htm">December 26, 2017</A>
LinkSplitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) on a fallen branch in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, December 26, 2017
Location on mapsBee Creek, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Underside of splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-12-26.htm">December 26, 2017</A>
LinkUnderside of splitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, December 26, 2017
Location on mapsBee Creek, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Caps of split gill fungus <B>Schizophyllum commune</B> in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2018-02-24.htm">February 24, 2018</A>
LinkCaps of split gill fungus Schizophyllum commune in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, February 24, 2018
Location on mapsBee Creek, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Split gill fungus <B>Schizophyllum commune</B> on a fallen oak branch in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2018-02-24.htm">February 24, 2018</A>
LinkSplit gill fungus Schizophyllum commune on a fallen oak branch in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, February 24, 2018
Location on mapsBee Creek, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Gills of split gill fungus <B>Schizophyllum commune</B> in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2018-02-24.htm">February 24, 2018</A>
LinkGills of split gill fungus Schizophyllum commune in Bee Creek Park. College Station, Texas, February 24, 2018
Location on mapsBee Creek, College Station, TX 77840, USA
Splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) on a small dry bush on Park Hudson Trail. Bryan, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-01-27.htm">January 27, 2019</A>
LinkSplitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) on a small dry bush on Park Hudson Trail. Bryan, Texas, January 27, 2019
Location on mapsPark Hudson Trail, Park Hudson Trail, Bryan, TX 77802, USA
Underside of splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) on a small dry bush on Park Hudson Trail. Bryan, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-01-27.htm">January 27, 2019</A>
LinkUnderside of splitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) on a small dry bush on Park Hudson Trail. Bryan, Texas, January 27, 2019
Location on mapsPark Hudson Trail, Park Hudson Trail, Bryan, TX 77802, USA
Splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) on a dry twig of groundsel bush in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-03-11.htm">March 11, 2019</A>
LinkSplitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) on a dry twig of groundsel bush in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, March 11, 2019
Location on mapsIron Bridge Trail, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Underside of splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-03-11.htm">March 11, 2019</A>
LinkUnderside of splitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, March 11, 2019
Location on mapsIron Bridge Trail, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Splitgill mushrooms (<B>Schizophyllum commune</B>) on a dry groundsel(?) bush in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, <A HREF="../date-en/2020-01-03.htm">January 3, 2020</A>
LinkSplitgill mushrooms (Schizophyllum commune) on a dry groundsel(?) bush in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, January 3, 2020
Location on mapsIron Bridge Trail, College Station, TX 77845, USA

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